Compiled by Thucydides, an Athenian historian and general during the Peloponnesian War, The History of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) is considered to be one of the first scholarly historical works ever written.
Divided into eight books, Thucydides chronicles the war between Athens and Sparta in a detached manner that gives the listener a factual look at not only the war but also the historical period. Thucydides had a passion for accuracy and disliked the idea of romanticizing matters of history, which makes his work perfect for those who want an authentic picture of the Peloponnesian War.
The History of the Peloponnesian War includes information on the development of military technologies of the time as well as the Athenian empire and earth sciences. Unlike much of the literature that came out of ancient Greece, the gods are not a focus, though Thucydides does draw heavily from Greek myth.